What are Nouns?
A noun is a part of speech that denotes a person, animal, place, thing, or idea. The English word noun has its roots in the Latin word “nomen”, which means “name.”
Types of Nouns:
- Common Nouns – They are names of:
- people (e.g. man),
- things (e.g. books),
- animals (e.g. monkey)
- places (church)
- Proper Nouns – They are special names of:
- people (e.g. George ),
- things (e.g. Financial Times),
- animals (e.g. King Kong)
- places (e.g. Paris).
- A proper noun begins with a Capital Letter.
- Abstract Nouns – An abstract noun is the name of something that we can only think of or feel but cannot see (e.g. friendship).
- Collective Nouns – They are names used for a number of people, things or animals together and treated as one. For example: a group of friends, a bunch of bananas, a litter of puppies.
- Countable and Uncountable Nouns –
- Countable nouns are nouns which can be counted (e.g. trees).
- Uncountable nouns are nouns which cannot be counted. (e.g. smoke)
Nouns have four genders:
- Masculine Gender – The masculine gender is used for all males. Example: boy, man
- Feminine Gender – The feminine gender is used for all females. Example: girl, woman
- Common Gender – The common gender is used where the noun can be both male and female. Example: cousin, friend, person, child, student
- Neuter Gender – The neuter gender is used for things which have no life or sex. Example: table, chair.
Singular and Plural Nouns
- A noun that shows only one person (e.g. a girl), thing (e.g. pencil), animal
(e.g. tiger) or place (e.g. market) is called a singular noun.
- A noun that shows more than one person (e.g. girls), thing (e.g. pencils), animal (e.g. tigers) or place (e.g. markets) is called a plural noun.
Want to know how to form plural nouns? Read our post on the formation rules of plural nouns