Familiarize yourselves with these national symbols of India


National Symbols of India

You are here and we are assuming the purpose of your visit is to gain some knowledge on the national symbols of India either for your own benefit or because you are an aspirant of UPSC, SSC or any other competitive exams held in India. In either one of the cases, we are glad you are here as this topic is something us, Indians, should all be familiar with. So, here we go.

National Flag:

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  • A horizontal tricoloured flag, with deep saffron (better known as Kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportions.
  • There is navy blue coloured Ashoka Chakra with 24 spokes in the center of the white portion of the flag.
  • The ratio of the width of the flag to its length is 2:3.
  • The design of the National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22 July, 1947.
  • The National Flag was hoisted for the first time on the mid-night of 14th August, 1947.

National Anthem:

  • Jana-gana-mana, composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January, 1950.
  • It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Kolkata session of the Indian National Congress.
  • The complete song consists of five stanzas.
  • It was first published in “Tatvabodhini” in 1912 with the title “Bharat Bhagya Vidhata” and then translated into English in 1919 as “Morning Song of India”.
  • The present tune of the national anthem was composed by Captain Ram Singh Thakur.
  • Full version of the national anthem lasts about 52 seconds while the shorter version lasts about 20 seconds.

National Song:

  • Vande Matram, the national song of India, was composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji.
  • It was a source of inspiration to the people in their struggle for freedom.
  • It has an equal status with the national anthem, Jana-gana-mana.
  • The first political occasion when it was sung, was at the 1896 session of Indian National Congress.
  • It was first published in the novel “Anandmath”, written by Bankimchandra Chatterji and was then adopted as the National Song on 26 January, 1950.
  • Playing time of this song is 1 minute and 5 seconds.
  • No one can be forced to sing the National Song
  • Session of Parliament starts with Jana-gana-mana and ends with Vande Matram.

National Animal:

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  • Tiger.
  • Scientific name: Panthera tigris.

National Bird:

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  • The Indian Peacock
  • Scientific name: Pavo cristatus.

National Flower:

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  • Lotus
  • Scientific name: Nelumbo Nucipera Gaertn

National Tree:

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  • The Banyan Tree 
  • Scientific name: Ficus benghalensis.

National Fruit:

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  • Mango
  • Scientific name: Manigifera indica

National Aquatic Animal:

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  • The mammal Ganges River Dolphin
  • Scientific name: Platanista gangetica.

National Sport:

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  • Hockey

To read more about national sports of different countries, click here.



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