All about Pronouns | Types | Examples | Practice Questions

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Pronouns


What are Pronouns?

  • A Pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. It refers to a person or thing without giving the name.
  • There are two types of Personal Pronouns:
    (1) those used as subjects; and
    (2) those used as objects.

Personal Pronouns

Singular Plural
Subject Object Subject Object
1st Person I Me We Us
2nd Person You You You You
3rd Person He Him They Them
She Her
It It

 

Reflexive Pronouns

  • We use the Reflexive Pronoun when the action of the doer goes back to himself so that the Subject of the sentence is the same person as the object.
    • Example: He has hurt himself.
  • Pronouns like ‘himself’ are called Reflexive Pronouns.
  • They always end in ‘self ‘.
Singular Plural
1st Person Myself Ourselves
2nd Person Yourself Yourselves
3rd Person Himself Themselves
Herself
Itself

Relative Pronouns

  • The Relative Pronouns take the place of Nouns or Pronouns; and they are used to join two sentences about the same person or thing.
    • Examples of relative pronouns: who, which, that, whom and whose.
  • In most cases, we use who, whose and whom to make statements about people.
  • We use who to join two sentences.
    • Example: “The man is an artist. He drew that picture.” “The man is an artist who drew that picture.”
  • We use whose to show possession or relationship.
    • Example: “That is my uncle whose son is my cousin.”
  • We use which or that in almost the same way as we use who but it refers to things, not human beings. There is one other difference in the way we use who and which. After who we put a verb. After which we can put a verb, a pronoun or a noun.
    • Example: That is the camera which costs fifty dollars. That is the camera which he bought. That is the camera which John likes.
  • We use whom to make a statement about human beings. It is used in place of who :
    • (a) when it is the object of a verb
      • Example: The man whom they caught was sent to prison.
    • (b) when it comes after a preposition.
      • Example: The man to whom you should speak is my uncle.

Practice Questions

Fill in the blanks with ‘which, ‘who’, ‘whom’ and ‘whose’.

1. The boy, _____ father is a doctor, is my best friend.
2. This is not something _____ we like to do.
3. That man, _____ left leg was amputated, suffers from diabetes.
4. The thief, _____ they caught, was sent to the prison.
5. Our friends, _____ we invited to the party, arrived rather early.
6. The girl, _____ broke the mirror, was scolded by her mother.
7. That is my uncle, _____ car was stolen.
8. That woman, _____ you saw, was my auntie.
9. Kangaroos, _____ use their pouch to carry their babies, are found in Australia.
10. The policeman, ______ caught the thief, is a very brave man.

Answers:
1.whose 2.which 3.whose 4.whom 5.whom 6.who 7.whose 8.whom 9.which 10.who

Also read about Nouns here


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